Symptoms of autism in children are often not realized by parents until they develop more severe. In fact, the symptoms of autism can actually be detected early. Therefore, it is important for parents to know what the symptoms of autism in 1-year-old children are.
What is autism?
Autism is a neurodevelopmental disorder that causes a person to experience behavioral disorders and affects his ability to communicate and interact socially. Autism is called an autism spectrum disorder because the symptoms and severity vary from person to person.
Autism is more commonly detected since childhood, although it is also possible in adolescents and older adults. Until now it is still not known what causes a child to suffer from autism. But experts believe genetic and environmental factors are the cause.
It is important to detect autistic symptoms in 1-year-old children, even from an early age so that parents can seek the right treatment and educational style in the hope that later the child can grow up as an independent child.
The following Thevolume.net summarizes some of the symptoms of autism in 1-year-old children:
1. Show no emotion or expression
The presence of neurodevelopmental disorders causes children with autism to find it difficult to recognize emotions and express them. They have difficulty understanding that there are signs to show certain emotions so they tend to be expressionless or speak with a flat tone of voice.
2. Does not respond when called
One of the symptoms of autism in 1-year-old children that are often suspected by parents for the first time is when the child does not respond when called. This happens because the child’s brain has difficulty recognizing sounds.
3. Does not show body gestures
Children with autism do not understand what certain movements or gestures mean. This is what makes children with autism not interested in waving other people’s hands who invite them to interact. Even they themselves do not show gestures that show simple expressions such as pointing at an object or nodding.
4. Reactive to sensory stimuli
There are two reactions of children with autism to sensory stimuli. First, if the child has hypersensitivity, his body senses are too sensitive to sensory stimuli. This makes the child show an exaggerated response such as fear when he hears a fairly loud sound.
Second, if the child has hyposensitivity, his body senses are not very sensitive. Usually, children with autism who experience hyposensitivity will seek sensory stimuli, such as touching certain objects.
5. Do self-stimulation repeatedly
One of the prominent symptoms of autism in a 1-year-old child is that he likes to do self-stimulation repeatedly. This self-stimulation is called stimming. Stimming occurs as a form of children calming themselves down so they can focus and minimize the excessive sensory burden they receive.
Self-stimulation is carried out in various ways, for example by moving the hands or feet or manipulating objects with repetitive movements.
6. Not making eye contact
Children with autism tend to avoid eye contact with other people. This action occurs because for children with autism eye contact makes them stressed and uncomfortable.
7. Difficulty controlling anger
It is natural for children to get angry when they are frustrated. But as they get older, children learn to control their impulses. However, this does not happen in children with autism.
Children with autism can get angry with outbursts over trivial things. This is because the part of the brain that is responsible for controlling emotions, problem-solving, reasoning, etc., is dysfunctional.
Those are some of the symptoms of autism in 1-year-old children that parents need to pay attention to. If you notice any of the above symptoms or if your instincts tell you that something is not right with your child’s behavior, consult a doctor immediately. I hope this information is helpful.