Basic Motor Skills Children

5 Basic Motor Skills Children Need to Master

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Motor skills allow children to move and perform various daily activities. There are two types of motor skills, namely fine motor and gross motor skills.

The precise and precise hand control is the result of practicing fine motor skills. Meanwhile, gross motor skills use large muscles in the body, so that body movements are clearly visible, such as walking, jumping, and running.

In terms of growth and development, children develop certain motor skills at each age stage. However, not all children reach these milestones at the same time.

Some children with developmental disabilities, for example, may take longer to master certain motor skills.

As a guide for Mom, this time will discuss 5 basic motor skills that need to be mastered by children aged 1-3 years. Come on, let’s see together.

Clap hands

Clap hands

For toddlers, clapping is not just an expression of joy, Mom. Clapping encourages your little one to learn that he has control over himself and his surroundings.

Clapping also requires hand-eye coordination. Concentration is also needed when the child tries to bring his hands together and moves repeatedly so that the clap sounds.

Plus, clapping is a way for toddlers to communicate with others around them. When he enters preschool, the skill of clapping will help children understand a variety of concepts, from counting, and spelling, to the rhythm of a song.

Play with toy candles or play dough

Did you know that playing with toy candles or play dough isn’t just about making shapes? Playing with toy candles is a great way for children to develop fine motor skills that involve hands.

The strength of the smooth muscles in his wrists and fingers is also increasingly honed through this simple game. Coupled with a good eye and hand coordination, children are able to align their visuals and hand movements.

Playing with toy candles or play dough is the basis for practicing writing skills. In other words, this game is good for training children’s hand muscles to be more limp and flexible, so that they are not stiff when holding stationery or color tools at preschool age.

Unscrew containers and other items

Opening the lid of the container is also important for your little one to master. Starting from food boxes, and drink bottle caps, to packaged food or drinks.

In addition, Mom also needs to teach children to open and close the container with a zipper. Most bags or pouches use this tool as a cover, including your little ones.

These skills will help children to be more independent when they go to school. Isn’t it possible for him to keep asking his teacher for help when he has to open a lunch box?

Walk, run & jump

Turning to gross motor skills, basic movements such as walking, running, and jumping need to be mastered well. Not only to help him move to and fro, these three moves were important in developing other physical skills.

In general, children begin to learn to walk by the age of 12 months by being restrained or assisted to walk while holding both hands. Slowly, he began to be able to walk on his own after the age of 12 months.

At the age of 2 years, children begin to push themselves to be able to run, even though only running slowly. Usually, at the age of 3 years, children are able to run without falling.

Meanwhile, general jumping skills are mastered by children at the age of 2 years, when they can jump with both feet. When just starting out, the child only jumps on one leg. Continue to stimulate through simple games or dances, so that the child will practice jumping with both feet together.


Playing a bicycle can actually increase leg muscle strength, as well as train balance and body coordination for children aged 1-3 years.

In school-age children, playing with a bicycle not only makes the body healthier but also affects the readiness to learn and the ability to focus children.

In addition, physical activity like this can also make children happier, encourage children to play outside, and open up opportunities for children to interact with their peers.

Thus 5 basic motor skills need to be mastered by children aged 1-3 years. Make sure Mom consistently gives stimulus to the child so that their growth and development can be more optimal.

However, don’t worry if your child has not mastered these skills according to their age. Remember that children’s developmental timelines vary. If you have made every effort to stimulate, but have not produced results, immediately consult a pediatrician or child psychologist, Mom.

Congratulations on helping your child grow and develop!

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Halo, Saya Brian Malik. Hope you guys bisa dapat benefit dari tulisan-tulisan yang terseber di situs web ini. Salam kenal ya!

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